The Earth may not be flat nor is it the center of the universe, but that doesn’t mean old-world intellectuals got everything wrong.
In recent years, modern science has validated a number of teachings and beliefs rooted in the ancient wisdom of Unani science.
This system of medicine is a comprehensive medical system, providing promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative healthcare. Its fundamentals, diagnosis and treatment modalities are based on scientific principles and a holistic approach, considering each individual in relation to his/her environment and emphasizes on the health of body, mind and soul.
The Unani system of medicine, sometimes referred to as the “Greco-Arab” medicine or “Unani Tibb”; is based on Greek philosophy, originated in Greece and the term Unani is derived from ‘Unan’, Arabic and Urdu for ‘Greece’.
The theoretical framework of Unani medicine is based on the work of Hippocrates (460-377 BC). By his method of careful study and comparison of symptoms, he laid down the foundation for clinical medicine based on diet and rest. He advocated that the chief function of a physician is to aid the natural forces of the body in combating a disease.
A number of Greek scholars after Hippocrates such as Galen (131-200 AD) followed by Arab physicians like Rhazes (850-932 AD) and Avicenna (980-1037 AD), enriched the system considerably. Rhazes and Avicenna authored Al-Hawi and Al-Qanun respectively, which were compilations of their observations.
Unani system follows the humoural theory which postulates the presence of four humours in the body: dam (blood), balgham (phlegm), safra (yellow bile) and sauda (black bile), a parallel to kapha, vata and pitta, the three doshas in ayurveda.
Concept of Health
In the Unani system of medicine there are six basic factors which are considered essential for the maintenance of good health and prevention of diseases.
If a person is in practice of these basic principles with perfect balance, his/her health remains maintained.