Facts That You Need To Know about STD

by in General Health May 25, 2023

STD’s (sexually transmitted diseases) also identified as STI (sexually transmitted infections) are more ordinary and their rates are higher than what most people think. It is vital to be informed about; what kinds of STDs are out there, what causes them, their symptoms and the cures available. In this initial part of a two part series I will cover 5 of the most commonly occurring STD’s.

1. Genital Warts (HPV): This is a virus that can cause STD without sex. The virus HPV can cause genital warts. The symptoms include pink colored warts that maybe raised, flat, or shaped like a cauliflower, these are frequently harmless and easily treated but HPV can also cause cervical or anal cancer. There are vaccines available to counter the more dangerous types of this virus.

2. Gonorrhea (The Clap): This STD if left untreated can cause infertility in both the sexes. This is a bacterial virus which is passed during sexual activity, and an infected mother could also transmit it her newborn during vaginal childbirth. Symptoms include blazing sensation during urination, skin rashes, swollen testicles, pelvic pain and spotting. It can be treated by antibiotics.

3. Syphilis: This is a highly infectious bacterial disease, this is a little difficult to diagnose as it’s symptoms imitate many diseases. The symptoms include; firm, round painless sore on the genital area or the anus, rashes on the sole, palms and additional parts of the body, swollen glands, hair loss, fatigue etc. If left untreated it can cause severe harm to liver, brain, eyes, nerves and body tissues, and lead to miscarriages. Syphilis can be treated with penicillin.

4. Chlamydia: This is one of the most common STD’s, it is a bacterial virus transmitted by sexual contact. Chlamydia’s symptoms are a lot of times indistinct or completely absent. Some of the symptoms in women include bleeding after sexual intercourse, vaginal discharge, and pain during urination. In men the symptoms include discharge from penis, swelling of testicles and blazing sensation during urination. It can be treated with antibiotics.

5. Genital Herpes: This disease is caused by a virus (HSV) and is transmitted by sexual contact, it is highly infectious and has no cure though there is medication which can reduce the symptoms, which include blisters and open sores on the genital area. This is a highly infectious disease and most people who are infected can transmit it even if the disease appears to be motionless and no visible sores.

STD’s or STI’s are very common, some can be easily diagnosed and some are harder, some are easily treated and some have no cure. It is vital that a sexually active person is conscious of the risks of being infected with these, especially if he or she is physically involved with multiple partners, so that they can take precautions to minimize the risk and to seek medical opinion if they find any of the symptoms on their bodies.

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